Lima-Ribeiro, M.S., Hortal, J., Varela, S. & Diniz-Filho, J.A.F. (2014) Constraint envelope analyses of macroecological patterns reveal climatic effects on Pleistocene mammal extinctions. Quaternary Research, in press. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2014.02.003

Hortal, J., Nabout, J.C., Calatayud, J., Carneiro, F.M., Padial, A., Santos, A.M.C., Siqueira, T., Bokma, F., Bini, L.M. & Ventura, M. (2014) Perspectives on the use of lakes as model systems for macroecological research. Journal of Limnology, in press.

McInerny, G.J., Chen, M., Freeman, R., Gavaghan, D., Meyer, M., Rowland, F., Spiegelhalter, D.J., Stefaner, M., Tessarolo, G. & Hortal, J. (2014) Information visualisation for science and policy: engaging users and avoiding bias. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 29, 148–157. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2014.01.003

Gouveia, S.F., Hortal, J., Tejedo, M., Duarte, H., Cassemiro, F.A.S., Navas, C.A. & Diniz-Filho, J.A.F. (2014) Climatic niche at physiological and macroecological scales: the thermal tolerance–geographical range interface and niche dimensionality. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23, 446–456. doi:10.1111/geb.12114

Medina, N.G., Albertos, B., Lara, F., Mazimpaka, V., Garilleti, R., Draper, D. & Hortal, J. (2014) Species richness of epiphytic bryophytes: drivers across scales on the edge of the Mediterranean. Ecography, 37, 80–93. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2013.00095.x

Medina, N., Lara, F., Mazimpaka, V. & Hortal, J. (2013) Designing bryophyte surveys for an optimal coverage of diversity gradients. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22, 3121–3139. doi:10.1007/s10531-013-0574-5

Fontaneto, D. & Hortal, J. (2013) At least some protist species are not ubiquitous. Molecular Ecology, 22, 5053–5055. doi:10.1111/mec.12507

Hortal, J., Carrascal, L.M., Triantis, K.A., Thébault, E., Meiri, S. & Sfenthourakis, S. (2013) Species richness can decrease with altitude, but not with habitat diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 110, E2149–E2150. doi:10.1073/pnas.1301663110

Aranda, S.C., Gabriel, R., Borges, P.A.V., Santos, A.M.C., Hortal, J., Baselga, A. & Lobo, J.M. (2013) How do different dispersal modes shape the species–area relationship? Evidence for between-group coherence in the Macaronesian flora. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22, 483–493. doi:10.1111/geb.12008.

Gouveia, S.F., Hortal, J., Cassemiro, F.A.S., Rangel, T.F. & Diniz-Filho, J.A.F. (2013) Nonstationary effects of productivity, seasonality, and historical climate changes on global amphibian diversity. Ecography, 36, 104–113. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2012.07553.x

Hortal, J., Lobo, J.M. & Jiménez-Valverde, A. (2012) Basic questions in biogeography and the (lack of) simplicity of species distributions: Putting species distribution models in the right place. Natureza & Conservação – Brazilian Journal of Nature Conservation, 10, 108-118. doi:10.4322/natcon.2012.029

Ureta, C., Martorell, C., Hortal, J. & Fornoni, J. (2012) Assessing extinction risks under the combined effects of climate change and human disturbance through the analysis of life-history plasticity. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution & Systematics, 14, 393-401. doi:10.1016/j.ppees.2012.09.001

Triantis, K.A., Hortal, J., Amorim, I., Cardoso, P., Santos, A.M.C., Gabriel, R. & Borges, P.A.V. (2012) Resolving the Azorean knot: a response to Carine & Schaefer (2010). Journal of Biogeography, 39, 1179-1184. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02623.x

Kamino, L.H.Y.*, Stehmann, J.R., Amaral, S., De Marco Jr, P., Rangel, T.F., de Siqueira, M.F., De Giovanni, R. & Hortal, J.* (2011) Challenges and perspectives for species distribution modelling in the Neotropics. Biology Letters, 8, 324–326. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0942. [* shared 1st authorship]

Hortal, J., De Marco Jr, P., Santos, A.M.C. & Diniz-Filho, J.A.F. (2012) Integrating biogeographical processes and local community assembly. Journal of Biogeography, 39, 627–628. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02684.x

Hortal, J. & Lobo, J.M. (2011) Can species richness patterns be interpolated from a limited number of well-known areas? Mapping diversity using GLM and kriging. Natureza & Conservação – Brazilian Journal of Nature Conservation, 9, 200-207. doi:10.4322/natcon.2011.026

Chefaoui, R.M., Lobo, J.M. & Hortal, J. (2011) Effects of species’ traits and data characteristics on distribution models of threatened invertebrates. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 34, 229-247.

Olalla-Tárraga, M.Á., McInnes, L., Bini, L.M., Diniz-Filho, J.A.F., Fritz, S.A., Hawkins, B.A., Hortal, J., Orme, C.D.L., Rahbek, C., Rodríguez, M.Á. & Purvis, A. (2011) Climatic niche conservatism and the evolutionary dynamics in species range boundaries: global congruence across mammals and amphibians. Journal of Biogeography, 38, 2237-2247. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02570.x.

Varela, S., Lobo, J.M. & Hortal, J. (2011) Using species distribution models in palaeobiogeography: A matter of data, predictors and concepts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 310, 451-463. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.07.021

Fontaneto, D., Westberg, M. & Hortal, J. (2011) Evidence of weak habitat specialisation in microscopic animals. PLoS ONE, 6, e23969. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023969

Santos, A.M.C., Quicke, D.L.J., Borges, P.A.V. & Hortal, J. (2011) Species pool structure determines the level of generalism of island parasitoid faunas. Journal of Biogeography, 38, 1657-1667. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02521.x

Hortal J., Diniz-Filho J.A.F., Bini L.M., Rodríguez M.Á., Baselga A., Nogués-Bravo D., Rangel T.F., Hawkins B.A. & Lobo J.M. (2011) Ice age climate, evolutionary constraints and diversity patterns of European dung beetles. Ecology Letters, 14, 741-748. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01634.x.

Santos, A.M.C., Fontaine, C., Borges, P.A.V., Quicke, D.L.J. & Hortal, J. (2011) Are island and mainland biotas different? Richness and level of generalism in parasitoids of a microlepidopteran in Macaronesia. Oikos, 120, 1256-1262. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.19404.x

Rocchini D.*, Hortal J.*, Lengyel S., Lobo J.M., Jiménez-Valverde A., Ricotta C., Bacaro G. & Chiarucci A. (2011) Accounting for uncertainty when mapping species distributions: The need for maps of ignorance. Progress in Physical Geography, 35, 221-226. doi:10.1177/0309133311399491 [* shared 1st authorship]

Reichert, K., Ugland, K.I., Bartsch, I., Hortal, J., Bremner, J. & Kraberg, A. (2010) Species richness estimation: Estimator performance and the influence of rare species. Limnology & Oceanography: Methods, 8, 294-303. doi:10.4319/lom.2010.8.294

Struve, J., Lorenzen, K., Blanchard, J., Börger, L., Bunnefeld, N., Edwards, C., Hortal, J., MacCall, A., Matthiopoulos, J., Van Moorter, B., Ozgul, A., Royer, F., Singh, N., Yesson, C., & Bernard, R. (2010) Lost in space? Searching for directions in the spatial modelling of individuals, populations and species ranges. Biology Letters, 6, 575-578. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.0338

Hortal, J., Borges, P.A.V., Jiménez-Valverde, A., Azevedo, E.B.d., & Silva, L. (2010) Assessing the areas under risk of invasion within islands through potential distribution modelling: the case of Pittosporum undulatum in São Miguel, Azores. Journal for Nature Conservation, 18, 247-257. doi:10.1016/j.jnc.2009.11.002

Maes, D., Titeux, N., Hortal, J., Anselin, A., Decleer, K., De Knijf, G., Fichefet, V., & Luoto, M. (2010) Predicted insect diversity declines under climate change in an already impoverished region. Journal of Insect Conservation, 14, 485–498. doi:10.1007/s10841-010-9277-3

Triantis, K.A., Borges, P.A.V., Ladle, R.J., Hortal, J., Gaspar, C., Dinis, F., Mendonça, E., Silveira, L.M.A., Gabriel, R., Cardoso, P., Melo, C., Santos, A.M.C., Amorim, I.R., Ribeiro, S.P., Serrano, A.R.M., Quartau, J.A., & Whittaker, R.J. (2010) Extinction debt on oceanic islands. Ecography, 33, 285-294. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2010.06203.x

Santos, A.M.C., Whittaker, R.J., Triantis, K.A., Borges, P.A.V., Jones, O.R., Quicke, D.L.J., & Hortal, J. (2010) Are species–area relationships from entire archipelagos congruent with those of their constituent islands? Global Ecology and Biogeography, 19, 527-540. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00536.x

Santos, A.M.C., Jones, O.R., Quicke, D.L.J., & Hortal, J. (2010) Assessing the reliability of biodiversity databases: identifying evenly inventoried island parasitoid faunas (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) worldwide. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 3, 72-82. doi:10.1111/j.1752-4598.2010.00079.x

Lobo, J.M., Jiménez-Valverde, A., & Hortal, J. (2010) The uncertain nature of absences and their importance in species distribution modelling. Ecography, 33, 103-114. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.06039.x

Hortal, J., Roura-Pascual, N., Sanders, N.J., & Rahbek, C. (2010) Understanding (insect) species distributions across spatial scales. Ecography, 33, 51-53. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.06428.x

Baselga, A., Lobo, J.M., Hortal, J., Jiménez-Valverde, A., & Gómez, J.F. (2010) Assessing alpha and beta taxonomy in Eupelmid wasps: Determinants of the probability of describing good species and synonyms. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 48, 40-49. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0469.2009.00523.x

Jiménez-Valverde, A., Lobo, J.M., & Hortal, J. (2009) The effect of prevalence and its interaction with sample size on the reliability of species distribution models. Community Ecology, 10, 196-205. doi:10.1556/ComEc.10.2009.2.9

Diniz-Filho, J.A.F., Rodríguez, M.Á., Bini, L.M., Olalla-Tárraga, M.Á., Cardillo, M., Nabout, J.C., Hortal, J., & Hawkins, B.A. (2009) Climate history, human impacts and global body size of Carnivora (Mammalia: Eutheria) at multiple evolutionary scales. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 2222-2236. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02163.x

Hortal, J., Triantis, K.A., Meiri, S., Thébault, E., & Sfenthourakis, S. (2009) Island species richness increases with habitat diversity. American Naturalist, 173, E205-E217. doi:10.1086/645085

Bini, L.M., Diniz-Filho, J.A.F., Rangel, T.F.L.V.B., Hawkins, B.A., et al. (2009) Coefficient shifts in geographical ecology: an empirical evaluation of spatial and non-spatial regression. Ecography, 32, 193-204. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.05717.x

Guil, N., Hortal, J., Sánchez-Moreno, S., & Machordom, A. (2009) Effects of macro and micro-environmental factors on the species richness of terrestrial tardigrade assemblages in an Iberian mountain environment. Landscape Ecology, 24, 375-390. doi:10.1007/s10980-008-9312-x

Borges, P.A.V.*, Hortal, J.*, Gabriel, R., & Homem, N. (2009) Would species richness estimators change the observed species area relationship? Acta Oecologica, 35, 149-156. doi:10.1016/j.actao.2008.09.003 [* shared 1st authorship]

Borges, P.A.V.* & Hortal, J.* (2009) Time, area and isolation: Factors driving arthropod speciation at the Azorean Archipelago. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 178-191. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.01980.x [* shared 1st authorship]

Hortal, J., Araújo, M.B., & Lobo, J.M. (2009) Testing the effectiveness of discrete and continuous environmental diversity as a surrogate for species diversity. Ecological Indicators, 9, 138-149. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2008.02.005

Jiménez-Valverde, A., Lobo, J.M. & Hortal, J. (2008) Not as good as they seem: the importance of concepts in species distribution modelling. Diversity and Distributions, 14, 885-890. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2008.00496.x

Triantis, K.A., Nogués-Bravo, D., Hortal, J., Borges, P.A.V., Adsersen, H., Fernández-Palacios, J.M., Araújo, M.B. & Whittaker, R.J. (2008) Measurements of area and the (island) species–area relationship: new directions for an old pattern. Oikos, 117, 1555-1559. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16808.x

Hortal, J. (2008) Uncertainty and the measurement of terrestrial biodiversity gradients. Journal of Biogeography, 35, 1355-1356. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.01955.x

Hortal, J., Jiménez-Valverde, A., Gómez, J.F., Lobo, J.M., & Baselga, A. (2008) Historical bias in biodiversity inventories affects the observed realized niche of the species. Oikos, 117, 847-858. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16434.x

Jiménez-Valverde, A., Gómez, J.F., Lobo, J.M., Baselga, A. & Hortal, J. (2008). Challenging species distribution models: the case of Maculinea nausithous in the Iberian Peninsula. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 45, 200-210.

Hortal, J., Rodríguez, J., Nieto-Díaz, M. & Lobo, J.M. (2008). Regional and environmental effects on the species richness of mammal assemblages. Journal of Biogeography, 35, 1202-1214. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2007.01850.x

Nogués-Bravo, D., Rodríguez, J., Hortal, J., Batra, P. & Araújo, M.B. (2008) Climate change, humans and the extinction of the woolly mammoth. PLoS Biology, 6, e79. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060079

Lobo, J.M., Baselga, A., Hortal, J., Jimenez-Valverde, A. & Gómez, J.F. (2007) How does the knowledge about the spatial distribution of Iberian dung beetle species accumulate over time? Diversity and Distributions, 13, 772-780. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2007.00383.x

Acevedo, P., Cassinello, J., Hortal, J. & Gortázar, C. (2007) Invasive exotic aoudad (Ammotragus lervia) as a major threat to native Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica): a habitat suitability model approach. Diversity and Distributions, 13, 587-597. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2007.00374.x

Hawkins, B.A., Diniz-Filho, J.A.F., Bini, L.M., Araújo, M.B., Field, R., Hortal, J., Kerr, J.T., Rahbek, C., Rodríguez, M.Á. & Sanders, N.J. (2007) Metabolic theory and diversity gradients: Where do we go from here? Ecology, 88, 1898–1902. doi:10.1890/06-2141.1

Hawkins, B. A., et al. (2007) A global evaluation of metabolic theory as an explanation for terrestrial species richness gradients. Ecology, 88, 1877-1888. doi:10.1890/06-1444.1

Hortal, J., Lobo, J. M. & Jiménez-Valverde, A. (2007) Limitations of biodiversity databases: case study on seed-plant diversity in Tenerife (Canary Islands). Conservation Biology, 21, 853-863. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2007.00686.x

Baselga, A., Hortal, J., Jiménez-Valverde, A., Gómez, J. F. & Lobo, J. M. (2007) Which leaf beetles have not been yet described? Determinants of the description of Western Palaearctic Aphthona species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 1409-1421. doi:10.1007/s10531-006-6738-9

Cassinello, J., Acevedo, P. & Hortal, J. (2006) Prospects for population expansion of the exotic aoudad (Ammotragus lervia; Bovidae) in the Iberian Peninsula: clues from habitat suitability modelling. Diversity and Distributions, 12, 666-678. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2006.00292.x

Hortal, J., Borges, P. A. V. & Gaspar, C. (2006) Evaluating the performance of species richness estimators: Sensitivity to sample grain size. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 274-287. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2006.01048.x

Rodríguez, J., Hortal, J. & Nieto, M. (2006) An evaluation of the influence of environment and biogeography on community structure: the case of the Holarctic mammals. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 291-303. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2005.01397.x

Lobo, J. M., Hortal, J. & Cabrero-Sañudo, F. J. (2006) Regional and local influence of grazing activity on the diversity of a semiarid dung beetle community. Diversity and Distributions, 12, 111-123. doi:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2006.00194.x

Hortal, J. & Lobo, J. M. (2005) An ED-based protocol for the optimal sampling of biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14, 2913-2947. doi:10.1007/s10531-004-0224-z

Chefaoui, R. M., Hortal, J. & Lobo, J. M. (2005) Potential distribution modelling, niche characterization and conservation status assessment using GIS tools: a case study of Iberian Copris species. Biological Conservation, 122, 327-338. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2004.08.005

Hortal, J., Garcia-Pereira, P. & García-Barros, E. (2004) Butterfly species richness in mainland Portugal: Predictive models of geographic distribution patterns. Ecography, 27, 68-82. doi:10.1111/j.0906-7590.2004.03635.x

Hortal, J., Lobo, J. M. & Martín-Piera, F. (2001) Forecasting insect species richness scores in poorly surveyed territories: the case of the Portuguese dung beetles (Col. Scarabaeinae). Biodiversity and Conservation, 10, 1343-1367. doi:10.1023/A:1016624500023

Hortal-Muñoz, J., Martín-Piera, F. & Lobo, J. M. (2000) Dung beetle geographic diversity variation along a Western Iberian latitudinal transect (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 93, 235-243. doi:10.1603/0013-8746(2000)093[0235:DBGDVA]2.0.CO;2