Diniz Filho, J.A.F., Jardim, L., Guedes, J.J.M., Meyer, L., Stropp, J., Frateles, L.E.F., Pinto, R.B., Lohmann, L.G., Tessarolo, G., de Carvalho, C.J.B., Ladle, R.J. & Hortal, J. (2023) Macroecological links between the Linnean, Wallacean,and Darwinian shortfalls. Frontiers of Biogeography, 15, e59566. doi:10.21425/F5FBG59566
Species are the currency of most biodiversity studies. However, many shortfalls and biases remain in our biodiversity estimates, preventing a comprehensive understanding of the eco-evolutionary processes that have shaped the biodiversity currently available on Earth. Biased biodiversity estimates also jeopardize the effective implementation of data-driven conservation strategies, ultimately leading to biodiversity loss. Here, we delve into the concept of the Latitudinal Taxonomy Gradient (LTG) and show how this new idea provides an interesting conceptual link between the Linnean (i.e., our ignorance of how many species there are on Earth), Darwinian (i.e., our ignorance of species evolutionary relationships), and Wallacean (i.e., our ignorance on species distribution) shortfalls. More specifically, we contribute to an improved understanding of LTGs and establish the basis for the development of new methods that allow us to: (i) better account for the integration between different shortfalls and, (ii) estimate how these interactions may affect our understanding about the evolutionary components of richness gradients at macroecological scales.